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5 Prana Vayus in Yoga (Prana, Apana, Samana, Udana & Vyana)

what is prana in yoga
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Usually, the basic entity that distinguishes a dwelling from an inanimate object is known as the prana.

Nevertheless, for the sake of easy understanding generally prana is known as to the ‘breath’ or the ‘air we inhale’. However for a yogi, there may be rather more in understanding prana aside from relating it with the breath.

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Certainly yogis contemplate respiration similar to a instrument to manage, develop or redirect prana accordingly. This science of growth or controlling of Prana is known as Pranayama.

What’s Prana?

In line with the yoga custom, Prana is the vitality within the physique that retains us alive. As a result of it’s chargeable for the LIFE, Prana is known as the “very important life drive” or “very important vitality” for a dwelling being.

When the prana is in a gentle stream, solely then the voluntary and involuntary capabilities of the physique develop into doable. For instance, the respiration, digestion and coronary heart beating, strolling, speaking, considering; all of the actions are ruled by the prana. Furthermore, Prana isn’t solely about life or regulating bodily capabilities in a dwelling being, it additionally exists in inanimate objects.

For a broad image of Prana, Vedic scriptures outlined Prana as the facility of the supreme self that manifests every thing within the universe and permeates all created issues.

The literal Which means of Prana

In Sanskrit ‘Prana’ is spelled as ‘Praan‘ and its energy is known as ‘Praan shakti‘.

The Sanskrit time period ‘Praan‘ is derived from the prefix ‘Pra‘ means ‘brings forth‘ and root ‘an’ means ‘motion‘. Prana means the drive “which brings forth the motion”. And Prana Shakti is all in regards to the manifestation which Prana brings; like life, matter, ideas, and so forth. It’s the transformative drive that converts vitality into matter and matter into vitality.

The drive which makes us in a position to breathe, offers us a capability to suppose, lets us transfer physique limbs freely is the drive of Prana. Furthermore, each different motion that’s occurring in all of the objects of this universe is the drive of Prana. For this reason Prana is known as the common drive that sums up the whole of all forces within the universe.

To grasp the that means of prana, Swami Vivekananda explains Prana fantastically in his work . In line with him;

At first of creation, there may be solely this Akasha (area). However by the facility of Prana, Akasha (area) manufactured into this universe.

Swami Vivekananda

Supply of Prana

source of prana
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The three most important sources of prana are the solar, earth, and cosmos. Prana from these sources referred to as common prana and we get it in numerous types like meals, air, water, and daylight. Nevertheless, it’s mentioned, holy locations, expertise, contemplation on the supreme self additionally improve the Prana stage of the physique.

Whether or not you’re looking by way of eyes, respiration by way of the nostril, sensing by way of the pores and skin, or in a position to think about an occasion – Prana is working behind each delicate mechanism of the physique .

In line with Hindu philosophy, in our physique, Prana is alleged to the companion of Atman, the soul. Prana lies with the soul on the coronary heart middle. The soul is the silent experiencer that perceives the bodily world by way of the working of Prana; it enters and leaves the physique with the Prana.

Earlier than the bodily physique or thoughts begins to develop in an embryo within the mom’s womb, firstly soul comes into it and with the soul, Prana comes. Then pranic drive (prana-shakti) combines the 5 parts to create the thoughts, senses, and the physique. On this approach, prana is superior to the physique & thoughts, and getting management of Prana offers one management over the thoughts as properly.

Additionally Learn: Panch Tatva: 5 Components of Physique 

As talked about in a examine from “Institute for Consciousness Analysis” , researchers mentioned;

Our thoughts is ready to suppose, focus, meditate, recite a mantra, or soften in devotion solely with the assistance of ‘prana-shakti’, in the identical approach because the Energy to create the universe resting in Shiva is solely the result of his Shakti.

How Prana Flows?

flow of prana
5 Prana Vayus in Yoga (Prana, Apana, Samana, Udana & Vyana) 46

Our physique is a fancy system of organs and to be able to be sure its correct functioning, the fixed stream of prana is essential.

Prana flows within the physique by way of delicate vitality channels which in yogic terminology referred to as the Nadis. The Nadis system is pervaded in the complete physique in such a approach that each one the minor Nadis are related from the three most important Nadis Ida, Pingala, and Sushumna. These 3 most important nadis lies within the delicate physique alongside the spinal wire.

Additionally Learn: The Three Most important Nadis: Ida, Pingala, Sushumna

The place Ida and Pingala Nadi crisscross one another, at these factors it meets with Sushumna Nadi, the central vitality channel. And this fashion, this level of cross-section types vitality facilities i.e. 7 chakras.

When Prana flows by way of Nadis, then it’s the work of Chakras to distribute it to different minor Nadis which might be unfold over the entire physique. As quickly as a chakra is absolutely stuffed up with Prana, it begins directing prana shakti in all doable instructions by revolving on its axis. It’s referred to as a balanced chakra when Prana is flowing by way of it in a balanced method.

Prana flows within the type of Vayus

Yogis when noticed the capabilities, depth, and route of flowing Prana within the Nadis, they discovered within the totally different area of the physique, Prana act otherwise. It isn’t the identical all through the complete physique. For instance, in some areas, the route of stream of Prana is upward (in chest, throat) whereas in different areas, it strikes downwards.

To be able to perceive Prana extra precisely, yogis divided Prana into 5 vayus.

What are Vayus?

The motion or the stream of prana is known as the Vayu. Vayu actually interprets as ‘Wind’. Just like the wind is a drive behind transferring objects, Prana takes motion within the physique within the type of Vayu.

Based mostly on the stream of Prana in a specific area of the physique, Prana may be divided into 5 vayus named Prana Vayu, Apana Vayu, Samana Vayu, Udana Vayu, and Vyana Vayu. These 5 are the most important division of ‘Prana’ combinedly referred to as the Pancha Pranas.

5 Prana vayus

1. Prana Vayu

Parana Vayu
5 Prana Vayus in Yoga (Prana, Apana, Samana, Udana & Vyana) 47

The primary and most necessary kind of Prana is prana vayu (To differentiate Prana from prana vayu, Prana is known as Mahaprana). The stream of this vayu typically occurs inwardly and upward route.

On the bodily stage, prana vayu is chargeable for the working of the respiratory system together with the pumping of the guts, major inhalation-exhalation course of. Apart from this, it additionally helps in swallowing and regurgitation meals. It balances some physiological & psychological actions like eye-concentration, feelings & psychological consistency.

The guts chakra is alleged the primary seat of this vayu. Subsequently imbalance within the amount or a blockage in prana vayu can result in melancholy, low-feeling & heart-related issues.

Additionally learn: Prana mudra to steadiness prana vayu

Poses To Stability Prana Vayu

To steadiness the prana vayu one can follow the Asana through which the chest area is concerned majorly. Some examples of asana to steadiness prana vayu, are standing Cobra, bridge posebow pose & camel pose.

2. Apana Vayu

Apana Vayu
5 Prana Vayus in Yoga (Prana, Apana, Samana, Udana & Vyana) 48

Apana Vayu flows in the other way of prana vayu, i.e., within the downward route. Typically, pranayama is aimed to redirect Apana Vayu to the upper vitality centres and limit its pointless stream out of the physique. Its location is in Muladhara Chakra.

The principle operate of Apana Vayu is the elimination of waste as feces, gasoline, and urine. On the time of childbirth, Apana Vayu helps to create a easy passageway for supply. Apart from this, Apana Vayu can be chargeable for sexual stimulation, ejaculation & month-to-month menstrual cycle for girls.

Main working space of apana vayu is core of the pelvic flooring and it regulates the organs that lies in between navel to the perineum like urinary system, reproductive system, kidneys & the massive gut. An imbalance in Apana vayu can result in diabetes, abdomen associated issues from poor elimination to laziness, tiredness, itching, melancholy and negativity.

Additionally learn: Apana vayu mudra for coronary heart

Poses To Stability Apana Vayu

To steadiness apana vayu, one ought to deal with the poses which domesticate consciousness close to the foundation chakra, For instance – Tree Pose, Sure Angle Pose, Locust Pose, and so forth.

3. Samana Vayu

Samana Vayu
5 Prana Vayus in Yoga (Prana, Apana, Samana, Udana & Vyana) 49

Samana means ‘equal’ (Equal within the sense of ‘Balancing’). It occupied between the working areas of prana & Apana Vayu. It hasn’t any motion in an upward or downward route, but it surely works solely within the navel area. Samana vayu focuses on the ‘hearth ingredient’ of the physique and therefore, stimulates Manipura Chakra.

It’s chargeable for vitality utilized within the digestion course of and dealing of digestive organs just like the abdomen, liver, massive gut. Samana vayu is each heating and cooling in nature which regulates the digestion course of.

An imbalance of Samana Vayu can disturb the urge for food of an individual which brings weak point within the physique. Furthermore, it impacts metabolism deficiency within the physique.

Additionally learn: Samana mudra for digestion

Poses To Stability Samana Vayu

Poses that creates extension or contraction within the navel area are good to steadiness the samana vayu. For instance, Boat pose, Seated ahead bend pose, and so forth.

4. Udana Vayu

Udana Vayu
5 Prana Vayus in Yoga (Prana, Apana, Samana, Udana & Vyana) 50

Udana means ‘Fly’ (fly in sense motion). With the assistance of Udana Vayu solely, you’ll be able to transfer the totally different organs of the physique.
For instance – Shifting or rolling the hand by way of the shoulder, rounding the top & kicking by way of legs. All these doable due to Udana Vayu. This very important vitality lies within the vishuddha chakra (Throat) and limbs above it.

On the bodily stage, Udana Vayu coordinates the neurons of the motor & sensory nervous system. This coordination helps within the correct motion of various organs of the physique. Apart from this, controlling the 5 bodily senses are additionally dealt with by Udana Vayu.

Udana Vayu works within the different-different areas of the physique. It resides between neck to go half, shoulder to fingertips (arms) & hips to the toe suggestions (legs). The deficiency of Udana Vayu could make an individual paralyzed. Senses of the physique received’t work appropriately & it will probably result in imaginative and prescient issues and deafness.

Additionally learn: Udana mudra to steadiness udana vayu

Poses To Stability Udana Vayu

Poses that brings consciousness to the shoulder and head area are greatest to steadiness the udana vayu within the physique, For Instance, Bridge Pose, Shoulder Stand, Plow Pose, Fish Pose, and so forth.

5. Vyana Vayu

Vyana Vayu
5 Prana Vayus in Yoga (Prana, Apana, Samana, Udana & Vyana) 51

Vyana is the fifth and most built-in kind of prana. The principle operate of vyana vayu is to facilitate reserve drive into the poor space of different pranas. It offers essential vitamins to wanted organs through blood stream.

Not like the opposite 4 pranas, vyana vayu has no particular space working space within the physique because it travels throughout the entire physique & thoughts by way of the circulatory system.

An imbalance in Vyana vayu can result in lack of coordination between sensory and motor neurons. It will possibly additional ends in weak muscular actions or tight muscular tissues. Additionally, by deficiency of this vayu, the physique begins sweating so much and sudden horripilation by worry turns into a really recognized phenomenon.

Additionally learn: Vyana mudra for hypertension

Poses To Stability Vyana Vayu

Half-moon Pose and Eagle Pose may be practiced to redirect vyana vayu in a distinct a part of the physique.


Aside from the 5 main vayus, there are 5 minor pranas additionally, referred to as Upaprana. 5 upa pranas are Naga, Kurma, Krikala, Devdatta, and Dhananjaya.

Every time there comes blockages in 5 most important prana vayus, upa-pranas works to deliver that vayu in steadiness. Additionally, it’s chargeable for routine actions like eye blinking, yawning, sneezing, or burping, and so forth.

  1. Naga – Releases the gasoline that causes blockage in Prana and Apana Vayu within the type of burping, vomit, hiccups, and so forth.
  2. Kurma – This upa-prana controls the eyelid winking and retains eyes moisturize.
  3. Krikala – It induces sneezing to clear the blockages within the respiratory system.
  4. Devdatta – This up-prana releases the gasoline within the type of Yawning. It balances samana vayu vitality by expelling the gasoline after consuming.
  5. Dhananjaya – It regulates the opening and shutting of the guts valves and controls the fragmentation of a physique after dying.
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5 Prana Vayus Chart

5 Pranas Location Operate Path of Circulation Chakra Factor
Prana Vayu Chest, Eyebrows centre Inspiration, swallowing meals Upward Coronary heart chakra Air
Apana Vayu Pelvis Elimination, outward motion Downward Root Chakra Earth
Samana Vayu Navel Assimilation Round inward Photo voltaic Plexus Chakra Hearth
Udana Vayu Thorat Metabolizing, speech, bodily progress Upward Throat Chakra Ether
Vyana Vayu Complete physique Circulation All route Sacral Chakra Water



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